Original HRC document


Document Type: Final Resolution

Date: 2017 Apr

Session: 34th Regular Session (2017 Feb)

Agenda Item: Item3: Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development

Topic: Economic, Social and Cultural Rights



Human Rights Council Thirty-fourth session

27 February–24 March 2017

Agenda item 3

Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 23 March 2017

34/2. Promotion of the enjoyment of the cultural rights of everyone

and respect for cultural diversity

The Human Rights Council,

Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,

Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on

Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political

Rights, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action and all other relevant human

rights instruments,

Recalling also all relevant resolutions of the General Assembly, the Commission on

Human Rights and the Human Rights Council, including Assembly resolutions 64/81 of 7

December 2009 and 64/174 of 18 December 2009, and Council resolutions 10/23 of 26

March 2009, 14/9 of 18 June 2010, 17/15 of 17 June 2011, 19/6 of 22 March 2012, 20/11 of

5 July 2012, 23/10 of 13 June 2013, 25/19 of 28 March 2014, 28/9 of 26 March 2015 and

31/12 of 23 March 2016,

Noting the declarations within the United Nations system on cultural diversity and

international cultural cooperation, in particular the Declaration of the Principles of

International Cultural Cooperation and the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity,

adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and

Cultural Organization in 1966 and 2001, respectively,

Welcoming the increasing number of States parties to the Convention on the

Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, adopted by the General

Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization on

20 October 2005 and that entered into force on 18 March 2007,

Convinced that international cooperation in promoting and encouraging respect for

human rights and fundamental freedoms for all should be based on an understanding of the

economic, social and cultural specificities of each country and the full realization and

recognition of the universality of all human rights and the principles of freedom, justice,

equality and non-discrimination,

Recognizing that cultural diversity and the pursuit of cultural development by all

peoples and nations are a source of mutual enrichment for the cultural life of humankind,

Determined to treat human rights globally in a fair and equal manner, on the same

footing and with the same emphasis,

1. Reaffirms that cultural rights are an integral part of human rights, which are

universal, indivisible, interrelated and interdependent;

2. Recognizes the right of everyone to take part in cultural life and to enjoy the

benefits of scientific progress and its applications;

3. Reaffirms that, while the significance of national and regional particularities

and various historical, cultural and religious backgrounds must be borne in mind, it is the

duty of States, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems, to promote and

protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms;

4. Recalls that, as expressed in the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity,

no one may invoke cultural diversity to infringe upon human rights guaranteed by

international law, nor to limit their scope;

5. Reaffirms that States have the responsibility to promote and protect cultural

rights, and that these rights should be guaranteed for all, without discrimination;

6. Recognizes that respect for the cultural diversity and cultural rights of all

enhances cultural pluralism, contributing to a wider exchange of knowledge and

understanding of cultural heritage and background, advancing the application and

enjoyment of human rights throughout the world and fostering stable, friendly relations

among peoples and nations worldwide;

7. Also recognizes that respect for cultural rights is essential for development,

peace and the eradication of poverty, building social cohesion and the promotion of mutual

respect, tolerance and understanding between individuals and groups, in all their diversity;

8. Emphasizes that the universal promotion and protection of human rights,

including cultural rights, and respect for cultural diversity should reinforce each other;

9. Takes note of the report of the Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural

rights submitted to the Human Rights Council;1

10. Calls upon all Governments to cooperate with and to assist the Special

Rapporteur in the discharge of the mandate, to provide her with all the necessary

information requested by her and to give serious consideration to responding favourably to

her requests to visit their countries in order to enable her to fulfil her duties effectively;

11. Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to

provide all the human and financial resources necessary for the effective fulfilment of the

mandate by the Special Rapporteur;

12. Requests the Special Rapporteur to report regularly to the Human Rights

Council and the General Assembly in accordance with their respective programmes of


1 A/HRC/34/56.

13. Decides to continue its consideration of this matter under the same agenda

item in accordance with its programme of work.

56th meeting

23 March 2017

[Adopted without a vote.]