GE.17-05271 (E) 180417 180417


Human Rights Council Thirty-fourth session

27 February-24 March 2017

Agenda item 10

Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 24 March 2017

34/39. Technical assistance and capacity-building for Mali in the

field of human rights

The Human Rights Council,

Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,

Reaffirming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant

international human rights instruments,

Recalling General Assembly resolution 60/251 of 15 March 2006,

Recalling also its resolutions 5/1, on institution-building of the Human Rights

Council, and 5/2, on the Code of Conduct for Special Procedures Mandate Holders of the

Council, both of 18 June 2007,

Recalling further its resolutions 20/17 of 6 July 2012, on the situation of human

rights in Mali, 22/18 of 21 March 2013, in which it established the mandate of the

Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Mali, and 25/36 of 28 March 2014

and 31/28 of 24 March 2016, by which it extended the mandate of the Independent Expert,

Reaffirming that all States have a responsibility to promote and protect the human

rights and fundamental freedoms enshrined in the Charter, the Universal Declaration of

Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights and other relevant

international human rights instruments to which they are party,

Reaffirming also its commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and

territorial integrity of Mali,

Deeply concerned about the increase in attacks by terrorist groups in the north and

their spread to central and southern Mali and about the rise of violent extremism, the

proliferation of small arms, drug trafficking, migrant smuggling, the traffic in persons and

other transnational organized criminal activities,

Deeply concerned also about continued human rights violations and abuses, the

delay in the implementation of some relevant provisions of the Agreement on Peace and

Reconciliation in Mali and the fragile security situation and difficulties in the redeployment

of government services, which continue to hinder the delivery of humanitarian assistance in

the north of the country, the voluntary return of displaced persons and the population’s

access to basic social services,

United Nations A/HRC/RES/34/39

General Assembly Distr.: General 3 April 2017


Original: French

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Welcoming the positive steps taken by the Government of Mali, with the support of

armed groups that have signed the peace agreement, to implement that agreement, in

particular the progress made in the constitutional review process, the appointment of

members of the interim authorities and the transitional councils and of special advisers to

representatives of the State in the northern regions and the designation of the high-level

representative entrusted with ensuring the implementation of the peace agreement, while

underscoring the need for continued efforts to implement the agreement fully,

Noting the commitment made by the Government of Mali at a number of sessions of

the Council to place priority on dialogue and national reconciliation in resolving the crisis,

Noting also the commitment made by the Government of Mali to restore the rule of

law and to combat impunity effectively,

Underscoring the importance of the human rights reports prepared by the United

Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali in fulfilment of one of

the components of its mandate for the promotion and protection of human rights,

Noting the initiation in January 2013 of an investigation by the Prosecutor of the

International Criminal Court into crimes committed on the territory of Mali since January

2012 and the transfer, in the context of this investigation, of a person suspected of war

crimes to the Court on 26 September 2015, and recalling that it is important for all Malian

stakeholders to lend the Court their support and cooperation,

Taking note with appreciation of the report of the Independent Expert on the

situation of human rights in Mali, 1

1. Strongly condemns the violations of human rights and of international

humanitarian law, the abuses of those rights, including the recruitment of children and other

violations of their rights and of those of women that have been perpetrated in Mali since the

beginning of the crisis, and the terrorist attacks launched in January 2017 against the camps

of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali at

Aguelhok and of the Operational Coordination Mechanism in Gao;

2. Reiterates its call for an immediate halt to all human rights violations and

abuses and acts of violence and for the strict observance of all human rights and

fundamental freedoms;

3. Calls upon the Government of Mali to continue and to intensify its efforts to

protect human rights and to promote national reconciliation, in particular by strengthening

the judiciary, developing transitional justice mechanisms and effectively redeploying

government services throughout the country;

4. Calls upon all signatories of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in

Mali to implement all its provisions, including those relating to the disarmament,

demobilization and reintegration of former rebel fighters, the redeployment of Malian

armed forces throughout the territory and decentralization;

5. Requests the signatories of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in

Mali to maintain a constructive dialogue and to take advantage of the opportunity offered

by the national reconciliation conference to be held in March 2017 to lay the foundations

for an in-depth discussion among all groups in the nation about the root causes of the

conflict with a view to formulating a charter for national unity and reconciliation pursuant

to article 5 of the peace agreement;

6. Supports the efforts of the Government of Mali to bring all perpetrators of

human rights violations before impartial and independent courts, urges it to intensify those

efforts, and encourages it to continue its cooperation with the International Criminal Court;

7. Calls upon the Government of Mali to ensure that women participate more

fully in the national reconciliation process, in conformity with relevant Security Council

resolutions and the law establishing a 30 per cent quota for women in national institutions

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GE.17-05271 3

that was adopted by the Government in December, and to heighten the political

empowerment of women at all levels;

8. Welcomes the adoption by the Government of Mali of a national human

rights policy that is supported by a plan of action and a law on the protection of human

rights defenders and of a law on the organization and modes of operation of the National

Human Rights Commission and the opening of regional offices of the Truth, Justice and

Reconciliation Commission, and encourages the Malian authorities to take all necessary

steps to implement those new measures and to ensure the independence of the Truth, Justice

and Reconciliation Commission;

9. Encourages the Malian authorities and all regional and international actors to

continue their efforts to consolidate the progress made towards attaining peace and security

in Mali;

10. Notes the strengthening of the mandate of the United Nations

Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali by the Security Council in its

resolution 2295 (2016) of 29 June 2016, and underscores the importance of providing

sufficient resources to the Mission so that it may carry out its mandate fully, commends the

Mission for the work it has done in conjunction with the French army in Operation

Barkhane as part of the country’s stabilization process, and deplores the loss of human life

sustained by countries that have contributed troops or police and by France;

11. Also notes, in that context, the decision taken by the Group of Five for the

Sahel to establish a mechanism for reinforcing regional security cooperation that will serve

as a framework of joint cross-border military operations and the Nouakchott Process

launched by the African Union, and underscores the positive impact that these initiatives

may have on the human rights situation in Mali;

12. Requests all parties to ensure their strict observance of international human

rights law and international humanitarian law, in particular in the course of counter-

terrorism operations aimed at reassuring and restoring the confidence of local population

groups in the northern and central regions of the country and garnering their support for the

return of State authorities;

13. Reiterates its appreciation for the humanitarian assistance already provided to

members of the population affected by the crisis, and urges the international community to

continue to deliver, in consultation with the Government of Mali and the neighbouring

countries concerned, appropriate and secure humanitarian assistance to refugees and

displaced persons, particularly in the north of Mali, with a view to facilitating access by the

population to basic social services and to establishing conditions conducive to the gradual

recovery of the country;

14. Welcomes the formulation of the Specific Development Strategy for the

Northern Regions of Mali and urges the Government to pursue its development work

through the implementation of the Emergency Programme for the Revival of Development

in the North and the Reconstruction and Economic Recovery Programme;

15. Requests friendly countries and partner organizations that have pledged

contributions at conferences on the development of Mali to honour those pledges in order to

assist the Government in expediting the effective and comprehensive implementation of the

peace agreement;

16. Welcomes the organization of the local elections held on 20 November 2016

in most of the country, despite the incidents that interfered with the voting process in some


17. Also welcomes the close cooperation of the Government of Mali with the

Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Mali in the fulfilment of the

mandate entrusted to him;

18. Notes with satisfaction that the Government of Mali has undertaken to act

upon the recommendations made by the Independent Expert following his visits to Mali;

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19. Decides to extend the mandate of the Independent Expert on the situation of

human rights in Mali for a period of one year in order to permit him to evaluate the

situation of human rights in Mali and to assist the Government of Mali in its efforts to

promote and protect human rights and to strengthen the rule of law;

20. Calls upon all parties in Mali to cooperate fully with the Independent Expert

and to assist him in carrying out his mandate;

21. Requests the Independent Expert, within the framework of his mandate, to

work closely with all entities of the United Nations, the African Union, the Economic

Community of West African States, neighbouring States and all other international

organizations concerned, and with Malian civil society;

22. Also requests the Independent Expert to submit a report to the Human Rights

Council at its thirty-seventh session;

23. Decides to hold a dialogue at its thirty-seventh session, in the presence of the

Independent Expert and representatives of the Government of Mali, to assess the evolution

of the situation of human rights in the country, with a particular focus on justice and


24. Invites the Secretary-General and the United Nations High Commissioner for

Human Rights to continue to provide the Independent Expert with all the assistance he

needs to discharge his mandate fully;

25. Requests the High Commissioner to provide technical assistance to the

Government of Mali, in particular to the Commission for Truth, Justice and Reconciliation,

and to work with the Government to identify other areas of assistance with a view to

supporting Mali in its efforts to promote and protect human rights and building its

institutional capacity;

26. Urges the international community to continue to provide assistance to Mali

in order to ensure its stability with a view to promoting respect for all human rights and to

carrying out a determined effort to combat impunity, which will pave the way for national

reconciliation, peace and social cohesion;

27. Decides to remain seized of this matter.

59th session

24 March 2017

[Adopted without a vote.]