Human Rights Council Thirty-sixth session

11–29 September 2017

Agenda item 10

Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 29 September 2017

36/26. Technical assistance and capacity-building to improve human

rights in the Sudan

The Human Rights Council,

Guided by the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations,

Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on

Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural

Rights and other relevant international human rights instruments,

Recalling also General Assembly resolution 60/251 of 15 March 2006 and Human

Rights Council resolutions 5/1 and 5/2 of 18 June 2007,

Recalling further Human Rights Council resolution 33/26 of 30 September 2016,

Emphasizing that States have the primary responsibility for the promotion and

protection of all human rights,

Welcoming the new humanitarian policies of the Government of the Sudan, which

call for rapid and unhindered humanitarian access, while encouraging the Government to

protect and provide humanitarian assistance to populations in need, and encouraging the

Government also to intensify its endeavours to continue its commitment to address

humanitarian needs in conflict-affected areas,

1. Welcomes the work of the Independent Expert on the situation of human

rights in the Sudan;

2. Takes note of the report of the Independent Expert submitted to the Human

Rights Council at its thirty-sixth session,1 and of the comments of the Government of the

Sudan thereon;2

1 A/HRC/36/63.

2 A/HRC/36/63/Add.1.

3. Notes with appreciation the cooperation of the Government of the Sudan

with the Independent Expert to enable him to fulfil his mandate, and the Government’s

stated commitment to continue that cooperation;

4. Requests the Independent Expert to work with all relevant partners to provide

technical assistance and capacity-building to relevant entities of the Government of the

Sudan, national agencies and other stakeholders;

5. Notes with appreciation the outcomes to date of the ongoing national

dialogue in the Sudan with a view to achieving sustainable peace, encourages the inclusive

participation of all Sudanese stakeholders, and encourages all stakeholders to ensure an

environment conducive to an inclusive, transparent and credible dialogue;

6. Encourages the Government of the Sudan to extend the unilateral declaration

of cessation of hostilities, and calls upon remaining armed groups to declare an

unconditional cessation of hostilities and to negotiate in good faith to achieve a permanent


7. Notes with appreciation the hosting by the Sudan of hundreds of thousands of

refugees from neighbouring countries and countries in the region and the opening of four

humanitarian corridors to provide life-saving interventions to those affected by conflict and


8. Notes the continued efforts of the Government of the Sudan to implement the

universal periodic review recommendations it has accepted, and encourages the

Government to continue its cooperation with the review process;

9. Also notes several positive developments, such as the recent separation of the

attorney general’s office from the Ministry of Justice, the appointment on 16 May 2017 of a

chairperson to the Sudan National Commission for Human Rights, the presidential pardon

of 259 armed rebel movement members in Darfur, and also of two pastors who had been

sentenced to 12 years of imprisonment, and acknowledges the general amnesty announced

on 29 August 2017 of representatives of civil society and human rights activists, and on 4

September the release on bail of representatives of civil society;

10. Acknowledges the observations made by the Independent Expert in his report,

urges the Government of the Sudan to ensure respect for the human rights of all individuals,

and expresses concern about the incidents of harassment, arbitrary arrest and prolonged

detention, including of students, human rights defenders and members of civil society

organizations, the restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and

peaceful assembly and the ongoing censorship of media, while urging the Government to

respect its constitutional and international obligations and commitments and to address the

demolition of places of worship and reports of harassment of religious leaders;

11. Stresses that conducting investigations into alleged human rights abuses and

violations by all parties and holding perpetrators to account should be a foremost priority of

the Government of the Sudan, while noting the view that bringing all of the Government’s

agencies and offices into line with the State’s international human rights obligations and

commitments can improve the human rights environment in the Sudan;

12. Expresses serious concern about alleged violations or abuses of human rights

in conflict zones, including those involving sexual and gender-based violence, and urges

parties to protect civilians and to pursue peace;

13. Urges Member States, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human

Rights, relevant United Nations agencies and other stakeholders to support the efforts of the

Government of the Sudan in accordance with the present resolution with a view to further

improving the situation of human rights in the country by responding to the Government’s

requests for technical assistance and capacity-building;

14. Requests the Office of the High Commissioner, taking into account the

recommendations of the Independent Expert, to provide technical assistance and capacity-

building in response to the request from the Government of the Sudan for support on ways

to improve the situation of human rights in the country and with a view to providing

support for the country to fulfil its human rights obligations and commitments;

15. Decides to renew the mandate of the Independent Expert for a period of one


16. Requests the Independent Expert to present a report on the implementation of

his mandate, including recommendations on technical assistance and capacity-building, to

the Human Rights Council for consideration at its thirty-ninth session;

17. Calls upon the Government of the Sudan to continue its full cooperation with

the Independent Expert and to continue to permit effective access to visit all areas of the

country, and to meet with all relevant actors;

18. Requests the Office of the High Commissioner to provide all financial and

human resources necessary to the Independent Expert for the implementation of the


19. Acknowledges that the situation of human rights in the Sudan informs the

establishment, renewal and transition of mandates related to the Sudan by the Human

Rights Council, and urges the Government of the Sudan to cooperate with the Independent

Expert, the Office of the High Commissioner and other stakeholders with the view that the

continued and sustained improvement in the situation of human rights in the Sudan would

contribute to an eventual transition of the mandate from that of Independent Expert to

another appropriate United Nations human rights mechanism;

20. Decides to consider this issue under agenda item 10.

42nd meeting

29 September 2017

[Adopted without a vote.]