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Document Type: Final Resolution

Date: 2018 Mar

Session: 37th Regular Session (2018 Feb)

Agenda Item: Item10: Technical assistance and capacity-building

Topic: Technical Cooperation, Libya

GE.18-04338(E)



Human Rights Council Thirty-seventh session

26 February–23 March 2018

Agenda item 10

Technical assistance and capacity-building

Italy,* Togo: draft resolution

37/… Technical assistance and capacity-building to improve human rights in Libya

The Human Rights Council,

Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,

Reaffirming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and relevant international

human rights treaties,

Confirming the primary responsibility of States to promote and protect human rights,

Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and

territorial integrity of Libya,

Looking forward to a future for Libya based on national reconciliation, justice,

respect for human rights and the rule of law,

Reaffirming its previous resolutions on Libya,

Expressing full support for the United Nations Support Mission in Libya and for the

action plan presented on 20 September 2017 by the Special Representative of the Secretary-

General for Libya to support a Libyan-led transition that will lead to a sustainable, stable,

unified, representative and effective governance structure under the framework of the

Libyan Political Agreement,

Encouraging all Libyans to work together in a spirit of compromise and to engage

constructively in the inclusive political process set out in the action plan, and reiterating the

importance of the equal and full participation of women in the political process,

Expressing deep concern at the impact of the security, economic and humanitarian

situation in Libya on its people, and at the continued human rights violations and abuses

committed in Libya and continued mass displacement, and its particular impact on women

and children,

Expressing grave concern at the human rights violations and abuses committed in

Libya against migrants, including in detention centres, and sharing the concern of the

Government of National Accord at the horrific accounts of human trafficking,

* State not a member of the Human Rights Council. † On behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the Group of African

States.

Reaffirming that those responsible for violations or abuses of human rights and

violations of international humanitarian law should be held accountable,

Underlining the need for the coordination of efforts to tackle the root causes of

irregular migration to prevent the exploitation of irregular migrants by smugglers and

human traffickers,

1. Welcomes the commitment of the Government of National Accord to

improve human rights in Libya, and its continued cooperation with the Human Rights

Council and its mechanisms;

2. Also welcomes the continued commitment of the Government of National

Accord to the universal periodic review process, and emphasizes the pressing need for the

implementation of the recommendations accepted, and welcomes further the ratification on

13 February 2018 by Libya of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities;

3. Takes note with appreciation of the oral update delivered by the United

Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to the Human Rights Council at its thirty-

sixth session, with the participation of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General

for Libya, on the situation of human rights in Libya, including the steps taken by the

Government of National Accord to ensure accountability for human rights violations and

abuses, in accordance with Council resolution 34/38 of 24 March 2017;

4. Also takes note with appreciation of the report of the High Commissioner on

the situation of human rights in Libya, and the effectiveness of technical assistance and

capacity-building measures received by the Government of National Accord;1

5. Welcomes the visit to Libya from 25 to 31 January 2018 by the Special

Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, , and looks forward to her

report on that visit, which will be submitted to the Government of National Accord, and to

the Human Rights Council at the thirty-eighth session of the Council;

6. Also welcomes the visit to Libya on 12 October 2017 by the High

Commissioner and his constructive meetings with the President of the Presidency Council

of the Government of National Accord and the ministers of the Government of National

Accord;

7. Further welcomes the constructive cooperation between the Government of

National Accord and the International Organization for Migration, including two visits in

2017 to Libya by the Director General of the International Organization for Migration, to

address conditions of irregular migrants held in detention centres in Libya, and the positive

results achieved to date in coordination with the Government of National Accord and with

the support of Member States, including neighbouring States, and regional organizations;

8. Welcomes the commitment of the Special Representative of the Secretary-

General for Libya, on behalf of the United Nations country team, to intensify the work on

the ground of the United Nations to help to improve the living conditions of all people in

Libya, including migrants, and looks forward to an increase in the presence of the United

Nations in Libya, to plans for a new round of voluntary funding for 2018 for the Libya

Humanitarian Response Plan and the Stabilization Facility for Libya and to

recommendations to increase the strategic coordination of the United Nations Support

Mission in Libya and United Nations agencies, funds and programmes in Libya;

9. Underlines the importance of an inclusive response for all migrants in Libya

and strengthened international cooperation with the Government of National Accord;

10. Welcomes the decisions taken by the Assembly of the African Union at its

thirtieth ordinary session on the report of the Leader of the African Union High-level

Committee on Libya;

11. Also welcomes the ongoing efforts made by Member States and international

and regional organizations, including the joint declaration of the fifth African Union-

European Union summit, held in Abidjan on 30 November 2017, and its aims:

1 A/HRC/37/46.

(a) To promote a positive and constructive and multidimensional approach to

migration that takes place in a safe, orderly and regular manner;

(b) To take into account and to complement existing dialogues and frameworks,

and to deepen the cooperation and dialogue on migration and mobility in a strengthened

and regular manner between Africa and Europe;

(c) To strengthen political commitment to address the root causes of irregular

migration and forced displacement;

(d) To stress the importance of effectively managing irregular migration in a

spirit of genuine partnership and shared responsibility, in full respect of national law,

international law and human rights obligations to maximize the development potential for

both Africa and Europe;

12. Further welcomes technical assistance and capacity-building measures

provided by Member States and international and regional organizations to assist Libya, at

its request, including to secure its southern borders and to prevent, investigate and

prosecute acts of smuggling of irregular migrants and trafficking in persons through its

territory, in accordance with national law and relevant international conventions to which

Libya is a State party, and calls upon Member States and regional organizations to continue

to do so, in partnership with the Presidency Council and in support of the United Nations

country team;

13. Strongly condemns all acts of violence in Libya and all violations and abuses

of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law that have been committed,

in particular against civilians and migrants, including women and children, as well as those

involving unlawful detentions, abductions, enforced disappearances, torture and unlawful

killings;

14. Condemns all attacks, intimidation, harassment and violence against

journalists, media workers, members of civil society and human rights defenders, especially

given their role in documenting protests and human rights violations and abuses, and

restrictions on freedom of expression;

15. Strongly condemns the continued acts of terrorism committed by armed

groups, including the so-called Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Daesh) and other

entities associated with Daesh in Libya listed by the Security Council, and reiterates its

grave concern at the negative impact of the presence of Daesh and its deadly actions in

Libya, neighbouring States and the region;

16. Recognizes the ongoing human rights challenges in Libya, strongly

encourages the Government of National Accord to increase its efforts to protect and

promote human rights and to prevent any violations or abuses, and in that regard

encourages its continued engagement with the United Nations Support Mission in Libya

and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights;

17. Repeats its call to all parties in Libya to comply immediately with their

applicable obligations under international human rights law and international humanitarian

law and for strict respect of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, and urges all

leaders to declare that violations and abuses of human rights or violations of international

humanitarian law by their fighters will not be tolerated and that individuals responsible for

such acts will be removed from duty;

18. Expresses serious concern at the acute humanitarian situation in Libya, and

calls for rapid, safe and unhindered humanitarian access for United Nations humanitarian

agencies across Libya, their implementing partners and other humanitarian organizations,

including across conflict lines and, as appropriate, across borders, in order to ensure that

humanitarian assistance reaches people in need by the most direct routes;

19. Urges the Government of National Accord, the international community, the

United Nations and all parties to the conflict in Libya to facilitate the full, equal and

effective participation of women in activities relating to the prevention and resolution of the

armed conflict, the maintenance of peace and security and post-conflict peacebuilding, in

accordance with relevant Security Council resolutions, and encourages the Presidency

Council to ensure that its women’s support and empowerment unit is operational;

20. Calls upon the Government of National Accord to increase efforts to hold

those responsible for violations or abuses of international human rights law and

international humanitarian law accountable to the judicial authorities of Libya, and notes

the cooperation between the Government of National Accord and the International Criminal

Court in that regard;

21. Expresses grave concern at the number of detainees, including conflict-

related detainees and children, and at reports of torture, sexual and gender-based violence

and harsh conditions in detention centres, and calls upon the Government of National

Accord to establish full and effective control over all detention centres in order to ensure

that detainees, including migrants, are treated in accordance with its international

obligations, including, as applicable, those relating to fair trial guarantees and humane

treatment in detention;

22. Expresses serious concern at the continued plight of internally displaced

persons, and in that regard welcomes the agreement brokered by the Presidency Council

and calls for the voluntary, safe and dignified return of all persons displaced by the conflict

since 2011, in accordance with applicable law;

23. Encourages the Government of National Accord to further promote, protect

and respect the human rights of migrants, refugees and internally displaced persons, to hold

human traffickers accountable and to provide a framework for the enhanced engagement of

the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and to continue to

cooperate with the International Organization for Migration;

24. Welcomes the statement by the Presidency Council dated 23 November 2017

in which it denounced trafficking in persons in Libya and all over the world, and calls upon

the relevant authorities to continue their investigation to bring perpetrators of such acts to

justice;

25. Underlines the importance of, and the commitment of the Government of

National Accord to, continued human rights monitoring, assessment and evaluation in order

to determine effective human rights technical assistance and capacity-building measures;

26. Requests the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human

Rights, while continuing its engagement with the United Nations Support Mission in Libya,

to monitor and report on human rights violations and abuses across Libya and to establish

the facts and circumstances of such abuses and violations with a view to avoiding impunity

and ensuring full individual accountability;

27. Invites the Office of the High Commissioner to work closely with all entities

of the United Nations, the African Union, and all other relevant regional and international

organizations concerned;

28. Welcomes the renewal of the standing invitation of the Government of

National Accord to all special procedures of the Human Rights Council to visit Libya, and

encourages the Government of National Accord to consider positively and to help to

facilitate requests for visits of the mandate holders, with a view to identifying challenges

and providing recommendations;

29. Requests the Office of the High Commissioner to provide technical assistance

and capacity-building to Libya to promote and protect human rights and prevent and ensure

accountability for violations and abuses of human rights;

30. Encourages the special procedures to visit Libya and report to the Human

Rights Council and through public statements;

31. Requests the High Commissioner to present an oral update on the situation of

human rights in Libya and the implementation of the present resolution to the Human

Rights Council at its thirty-ninth session during an interactive dialogue, with the

participation of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Libya, and to

present to the Council at its fortieth session a report on the situation of human rights in

Libya, including the implementation of technical assistance and capacity-building and

efforts to prevent and ensure accountability for violations and abuses of human rights;

32. Decides to remain seized of the matter.